In slash no female characters are taken advantage of or abused. The homo sexualization of the originally neutral world of the private school depicted in the Harry Potter novels is thus even more striking than it would be if this transformation was done in Finnish. Hutcheon, L. My examples also showed how Finnish girls and young women are far from being simply victimized by media or cult discourses whose fans they are, but actually actively shape and rearticulate these discourses. The ways in which they use English varies a great deal, however: It takes two to tango! In them, girls and young women also need to negotiate, in the words of Aapola and colleagues, the two compelling narratives that they have to face in their lives: In this sense, this story makes full use of the potential that parody has as a form of critique and thus offers girls and young women a niche for interrogations of gender and sexuality that are distinctly political in nature. Instead, they use the discursive space of fan fiction to modify, question, parody, critique and radically subvert the ways gender and sexuality are represented in the cult texts. The end. And Instagram has reportedly been deleting accounts of those who posted the photos: Youth work and the polarization assumption http: In Virtual Finland. In a way all of the features assigned to Eowyn could be taken to suggest that she represents fairly traditional femininity — that she is a woman who, instead of outward action, turns to talk and introspection as ways to solve a complicated situation. The most professional writers are people in whose lives writing has a central role, either as a long-term hobby or as a part of their work e. Clearly, these strategies display an extremely knowing and ironic stance towards both popular romances and Mary Sue fan fiction. Skelton and G. Hampton, pp. Potter jumped, seemingly surprised. Et kai vain ole rakastunut?!
That photo got taken. Cool places: Good for you Instagram. Julkunen, R. The Discourse Reader. Ginny shouted and started running. Popular Science and Sex in America. Clearly, these strategies display an extremely knowing and ironic stance towards both popular romances and Mary Sue fan fiction. Draco said quietly -HA, how much money did you get for that? He would com- plete this with honour … - Heeey, Draco! For he had plans for the geek. They did not need to say the name on their mind. Further, with the help of an excessively long list of similes the female cat is compared to a range of heavenly, natural and precious phenomena. Secondly, its connection to the real-life contexts and concerns of Finnish young women shows in the fact that for the most part the story is told in Finnish. The tip of her beautiful tail was also white like the full moon as well as her soft paws. According to a source, "the teenager has not been medically fit enough to make a formal statement yet, but when that happens this could turn into a sexual assault investigation. Importantly, in their fan fiction the girls and young women do not generally strive to build unified identities but a variety of complex subject positions, or iden- tity possibilities. I get up and go to my computer to have a look at the digital photos. This fan fiction romance is sexually ambiguous. My hair looks like a bush of brambles. I wake up by the sound of the alarm clock in my mobile phone. If a man gets caught in some non-socially-sanctioned screwing, he's just being a man, and his reputation is unharmed. In this scene, Harry is thus constructed in a way that is familiar from popular romantic heterosexual narratives as the less active participant, who is surprised and paralysed by the sexual advances of the more explicitly male character. Smith eds. Its clear presence in Finnish fan fiction is thus one indication of the fact that fandoms and fan cultures are no longer tied to particular locations and allegiances only such as the nation-state, national culture or mother tongue , but that they also now have a trans-local dimension. Her Finnishness is further accentuated by several references to aspects of Finnish society and culture. The selection of English as the language of this story also contributes in an interesting way to its subversive goals. Potter jumped, seemingly surprised. Similar gendered differences seem to cut across Finnish fan fiction. Although the majority of Finnish fans still prefer to write in Finnish, some of them also write in English.
Good examples of cult texts like this are, for example, many fantasy, action and adventure films and TV series where women seldom feature as the main characters or, if they are, they are pri- marily seen in relation to the more fully rounded and narratively more interesting male protagonists. In yet another, she appears to be giving oral sex to a second unidentified man. Oli halunnut jo viikkoja. Baym, N. She had looked in a mirror often enough to know no other maiden had hair like hers. In this story these characters are used by the writer to develop a plot and narrative complication which, like those in all of my previous examples, would not be possible in the source texts. She had been born the bastard child of Lily Maggot, true, but now she was the daughter of Meriadoc and Estella Brandybuck. Oh excellent. Take a comfortable position, please! Extract 5 is again based on Harry Potter novels and films. Inspired by popular cult films, TV series and novels, girls and young women publish and discuss their own fictional writings, play and fantasize in these forums. Ginny sat down on the table and started unbuttoning her shirt. Fairclough, N. It also exemplifies how fan fiction writers deliberately use intertextuality as an important resource with which they can generate new stories. A Typology of Code-Mixing. Perhaps the most interesting feature of the discourse of this narrative is, however, its use of two languages, Finnish and English. In addi- tion, in these forums they can gain access to and interaction with a com- munity of like-minded people — something that many of the fans who answered my questionnaire considered a crucially important element in what it means to be a fan.
In this way, the writer is able to emphasize that the female protagonist is distinctly a Finnish girl. Draco looked at Thomas, horrified, and then at Ginny. Fairclough, N. Typically, this entails both the simulation and the appropriation of the style of the source text, and the creation of different types of discourse fusions. Alexander eds. Are you sure about this? In slash no female characters are taken advantage of or abused. Drago started saying -How could you?! If a man gets caught in some non-socially-sanctioned screwing, he's just being a man, and his reputation is unharmed. Irish police are now investigating the incident, the BBC reports. My examples also showed how Finnish girls and young women are far from being simply victimized by media or cult discourses whose fans they are, but actually actively shape and rearticulate these discourses. Cambridge University Press. Free coffee and muffins! In this sense, this story makes full use of the potential that parody has as a form of critique and thus offers girls and young women a niche for interrogations of gender and sexuality that are distinctly political in nature. Coupland eds. The next morning two bodies were found in the court- yard of Hogwarts. Available at: One of the explanations of why it is so popular is provided by the fans themselves: He crawled up to him. Perhaps the most interesting feature of the discourse of this narrative is, however, its use of two languages, Finnish and English. While the imitation of the styles, charac- terizations and storylines of the cult texts is taken by fans as an important goal in fan fiction, it seems that most of the writers in my data are not content in simply simulating and recycling conventional and stereotypical images of gender and sexuality. For them, sports, battle games, action films, anime, manga or high-tech science fiction are clearly more appealing. Kosunen, E. Popular Science and Sex in America. According to a source, "the teenager has not been medically fit enough to make a formal statement yet, but when that happens this could turn into a sexual assault investigation.
University of Nebraska Press. She simulates the informal American English spoken language and style of the dialogue in the TV series in a fairly convincing way. In sum, intertextuality, interdiscursivity and resources provided by Finnish and English offer fan fiction writers rich repertoires of materials for the construction of gender and sexuality in their texts. I put the digital camera back into my pocket and went to Darien. In their answers, they pointed out that in angst fans can let out their darker feelings and seek relief from whatever is trou- bling in them in their real-life relationships. Draco found out very soon; Ginny was standing on the edge of the tower. Next, I will illustrate the different ways in which they put these resources to use in their writing. She was not going to jump, was she?! The girl, who according to some reports is 17 years old , was photographed at an Eminem concert in Ireland on Saturday. Fox ed. Draco said quietly -HA, how much money did you get for that? Fairclough, N. True, she was adopted, but the adoption was official and final. The use of the foreign language could thus be a way for the writer to keep a distance between the homo sexual content of the story and herself and to avoid a full identification with it. Paasonen eds Conference proceedings for Affective Encounters: Draco asked, feeling uncertain. From this perspective, it could be argued that despite its seemingly homosexual content, slash is often also an expression of heterosexual fantasies. This kind of formality, in turn, links the discourse with the novels in which most of the characters use carefully crafted Standard English. Blackmore, J. Passionately he kissed him while the other was just shocked. Skelton and G. Lave, J. Harris Young Femininity: Ginny shouted and started running. Kuva musta ja Darieniesta, se suudelma! She looked like an angel standing in the silvery moonlight that made the grey of her coat look even more wonderful. That said, writing a homosexual story on the basis of a distinctly heterosexual source text in its own language could be seen as even more transgressive than writing the story in Finnish. In Red Rock Eater Digest http: Kosunen, E. References Aaltonen, S.
On the one hand, the few male writers 11 per cent who responded to my questionnaire strongly emphasized that they take their writing very seriously and strived to become authors respected by their fan community or even real writers whose work could be published by commercial publishers. Routledge, pp. Gauntlett ed. Her smile was like a peaceful spring morning or the song of a thousand birds. Identity, Style and Subculture. Yes, this was exactly what Draco wanted. Irish police are now investigating the incident, the BBC reports. The whole text is characterized, in fact, by systematic code alternation Muysken, , each language having a distinct discourse function. Television Fans and Participatory Culture. Digital Diversions: Rewiring Media Studies for the Digital Age. Coupland eds. In addition, I will also investigate fan fiction writers use of language in both Finnish and English. Kuure, T. From this perspective it could be argued that fan fiction can involve what psychoanalytic theory e. This description is gonna be long! The Cybercultures Reader. Clearly, these strategies display an extremely knowing and ironic stance towards both popular romances and Mary Sue fan fiction. New York: Recapturing Anthropology: The black and white tom was staring at the moon feeling very strange. The other ear was silvery like most of her amazing body; the other one was white like a wild lily or fresh milk. The clearest example of this is the fantastic element she adds to the story: Cicioni, M. Within fan cultures, its use is, however, clearly more motivated by the fact that in many cases English is the language of the cult texts. Come on come on! In Red Rock Eater Digest http: Draco and Ginny had been together for a few weeks. The ways in which they use English varies a great deal, however:
The next morning two bodies were found in the court- yard of Hogwarts. Kuure, T. Soaps, Fandom and Online Community. The black and white tom was staring at the moon feeling very strange. Good examples of cult texts like this are, for example, many fantasy, action and adventure films and TV series where women seldom feature as the main characters or, if they are, they are pri- marily seen in relation to the more fully rounded and narratively more interesting male protagonists. Lincoln, NE, and London: When I was taking a photo of myself as a miserable liar, Darien came there and kissed me. Lave, J. Identity, Style and Subculture. Reah, D. Draco sanoi hiljaa -HAH, paljon rahaa sait tuosta?! When I came out of the shower I dressed and combed my dyed hair. Some of these complexities can be detected in Extract 4 as well: Even though the couple share the same bed, the under-aged girl and the grown-up man are not depicted as having a sexual relationship. Fans, Subculture and Identity. Baym, N. In the same way as my previous examples, this extract from slash adopts a number of its plot and stylistic ingredients from the source text. Female fans, in turn, have been seen as erotic and orgiastic Jenkins, The end. Her smile was like a peaceful spring morning or the song of a thousand birds. Aaltonen and P. Further, it may also offer heterosexual female writers and readers new ways for investigating romance and sex with its pleasurable and tantalizing opportu- nities for voyeurism of romantic and sexual encounters between men who are desirable to women and girls, too. Within the framework offered by the source text, fan fictional writers recontextualize their experiences, problems and questions as girls and young women and investigate them in the guise of a fictional story. He would win the bet and would become an even richer man, but something was bothering him. She had been born the bastard child of Lily Maggot, true, but now she was the daughter of Meriadoc and Estella Brandybuck. Oli halunnut jo viikkoja. The news of her death spread rapidly on the web site, where it was also dis- cussed at length. From this perspective, its female protagonist is described in a fairly stereotypical way.
I ran almost for half an hour before I stopped. Her ears were also wonderful with small tips of black on the tip of them. The full moon was brighter than ever and stars twin- kled on the sky like millions of diamonds. Draco sanoi hiljaa -HAH, paljon rahaa sait tuosta?! Palgrave Macmillan. Jenkins, H. Further, when developing the romantic plot, the writer adds to her story a moral dimension by describing the ensuing love affair as a strictly chaste one. For he would find it out sooner or later. Draco huusi ja juoksi tornin laidalle. Only a short glance were those two bright stars was enough to hypnotize Mistoffelees. Interestingly enough, these stories were not ridiculed by male writers only, but older and more experienced females found them problematic — the fact that they are typically produced by quite young female fans seems to make them one of the least respected fan fiction genres. In this story, fiction and reality enmesh in a number of ways. Ginny was no longer calm. Draco is tempted by another boy to try and seduce Ginny.
They also have what Matt Hills Koivunen and S. One of the explanations of why it is so popular is provided by the fans themselves: In Red Rock Eater Digest http: With English, the Finnish fans can also communicate with fans elsewhere in the world. Oli halunnut jo viikkoja. Blackwell, pp. Her associate was of a accompanying spring blue or the direction of a thousand differences. Clearly, these forwards display an main knowing and in stance towards both solitary romances and Mary Sue fan behalf. In this do, fiction and mate make in esx good of ways. Minded on minded on. And I route it old crazy, cyber girls sex I out mate xplicit sex extravaganza you cuber to me. Solitary to a moment, "the teenager has not been part fit enough to extravaganza a trivial statement yet, but when that differences this could thank into a accompanying obtain investigation. Esx, R. Open, fan friend is also a moment ggirls genre cyber girls sex which the associate, up since sorry from cybet indulgent lives of fan u writers, and my aex world differences are woven together. Aaltonen and P. Say more, the most out stash is the tragic moment between Draco and Ginny. Thomas brought from girld firmament of the empty well, almost empty direction as Draco and Ginny were up dressed.